ID: Mallard or Mallard X Black Duck?

To: 'Ryu Callaway' <>
Subject: ID: Mallard or Mallard X Black Duck?
From: Philip Veerman <>
Date: Fri, 22 Jul 2016 00:59:31 +0000

It clearly is of Mallard origin. However whether there is any Black Duck in its 
ancestry, is hard to know. I suggest it is highly likely or most unlikely not 
to be. Your question seems to be whether it is a first generation hybrid, but 
that is not a relevant question.  It depends how far back in time or how many 
generations you wish to go. So it might be parts per hundred or thousand down 
several lines in its parental lineage between the 2 species. Mallards have been 
feral in Australia for a long time (between 1 and 2 centuries I don't know). 
Mallards have been domesticated for a long time so there is a lot of variation. 
They are aggressive maters and interbreed easily and as far as I know hybrids 
are fertile.

There is a lot of information on this on Google search for "Mallard hybrid 
fertility" although most from USA. e.g. this one gives a lot of information

Most is about Muscovy Duck hybrids which are far more different that our Black 


-----Original Message-----
From: Birding-Aus  On Behalf Of Ryu 
Sent: Thursday, 21 July, 2016 10:16 PM
Subject: ID: Mallard or Mallard X Black Duck?

I have had a look at a large range of resources and still can't make up my 
mind. I have not been able to find all that much detail and descriptions seem 
to vary.
Photographed on the Gold Coast

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