Ruff Female Mimics

To: "Birding_Aus _Server" <>
Subject: Ruff Female Mimics
From: "Dean Cutten" <>
Date: Tue, 10 Feb 2009 05:29:44 -0600

I recently came across a short paper from Biology Letters that described a 
female-sized and -plumaged male Ruff that enabled it to copulate with 
females on the Ruff's lek-breeding sites. This rare female-like morph 
(called 'faeders') may represent the third alternative mating strategy in 
this species.

The paper can be downloaded at

Dean Cutten

Victor Harbor,  SA


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