Apteryx rowi and mantelli

To: John Murray Penhallurick <>
Subject: Apteryx rowi and mantelli
From: Andrew Taylor <>
Date: Fri, 7 Sep 2007 09:55:29 +1000
On Thu, Sep 06, 2007 at 07:45:38PM +1000, John Murray Penhallurick wrote:
> I would be glad to recived a copy of the paper by Tennyson, A. J. D., R. L.
> Palma, H. A. Robertson, T. H. Worthy and B. J. Gill (2003) A new species of
> kiwi (Aves, Apterygiformes) from Okarito, New Zealand. Records of the
> Auckland Museum, 40: 55-64.
> I have grave suspecions, which may turn out to the quite wrong, I admit,
> that this is a conservation-motivated split.  I knew about these populations
> of deviant Kiwis, but always assumed that they were simply the products of
> extreme inbreeding.
> I have equal doubts about the split of Apteryx mantelli North Island Brown
> Kiwi from A. australis South Island Brown Kiwi. Can anyone tell me where
> this split was justified?

This paper seems to have strong evidence for both splits
"Molecular and other biological evidence supports the recognition of
at least three species of brown kiwi", Burbidge et al.
Conservation Genetics, Volume 4, Number 2, 2003 , pp. 167-177(11)
The abstract is avilable at:

The estimated separation of  6 million years for the Okarito Kiwi is 
ancient.  Generic splits can occur in less time.


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