Fw: Re: [BIRDCHAT] Aristotle (384-322 BC) A big lister

To: "Birding-aus" <>
Subject: Fw: Re: [BIRDCHAT] Aristotle (384-322 BC) A big lister
From: "Trevor Quested" <>
Date: Tue, 17 Nov 1998 06:06:27 +1100
From: Paul Rakow <>
To:  <>
Date: Sunday, 15 November 1998 2:00
Subject: Re: [BIRDCHAT] Aristotle (384-322 BC) A big lister

> Trevor,
>    A translation of Aristotle's book about natural history is
> available on-line, it is fascinating reading. Sometimes he
> believes tall stories, but usually he is more sensible than
> a lot of the Romans and medieval Europeans.
>    Most of the species-descriptions for birds are in book IX,
> the last one. (I haven't counted to see how many there are).
> Some are very evocative, for example "The nightingale, when the
> hills are taking on verdure, sings continually for fifteen days
> and fifteen nights; afterwards it sings, but not continuously."
>   (And Aristotle did know the difference between birds and bats,
> his definition of birds is that they had to have feathered wings,
> and he thinks that flying creatures with leather wings, such as flying
> foxes and bats should be put into a different group, which he says
> doesn't yet have a name.)
>     Paul Rakow
>     Regensburg,  Germany
>Trevor Quested <> quoted:
>"To our knowledge, Aristotle (384-322 BC) was the first person to look at
>scientifically, describing what he considered to be 170 varieties and
>discussing their physiology, reproduction, and ecology. Aristotle was the
>to make systematic classification of birds based on observation and
>he divided birds into eight groups."

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