Mute Swans

To: Noel Luff <>
Subject: Mute Swans
From: David Clark <>
Date: Mon, 9 Jan 2017 10:40:46 +0000

I'm not planning a trip to Northam in the foreseeable future but I was
wondering what makes the Mute Swans not valid; the enclosure, wing
trimming, inoculations, a combination and/or something else?

I ticked Black Swans in the Loire Valley, but I was convinced that they
were a wild, sustainable population.



On Mon, Jan 9, 2017 at 8:59 PM, Noel Luff <> wrote:

> (excuse cross-posting)
> I have been in touch with the Council Ranger at Northam, WA regarding the
> Mute Swans.
> There is an enclosure which the swans may/may not use for breeding. The
> enclosure was constructed about 18 years ago.
> The swan’s wings are trimmed each year when they have their check-up and
> receive their inoculations. Their wings have not been pinioned for at least
> 20 years
> For the twitchers amongst us it would seem that they are no longer a valid
> bird (and probably have not been for some time).
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