Subject: Isabel
From: Jeff Crocombe <>
Date: Fri, 18 Jan 2002 17:13:33 +1000
There is a brief article with a picture of an isabelline macaroni penguin in Australian Geographic 59 (Jul-Sep, 2000) p31. The author- David Everitt records the derivation as follows: "In 1599, Isabella of Spain married Albert of Austria. Isabella's father, King Philip II of Spain, had presented the couple with the 17 provinces of the Low Countries, which make up present-day Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. Spain ruled the southern provinces but those in the north were fiercely independant. Philip dies soon after the wedding and Isabella, intent on upholding his wish of a united Low Countries, made a vow- she wouldn't remove her underwear until Albert conquored Ostend, the northern provinces' port. After three years and 40,000 lives the city fell and the adjective isabelline, meaning "grey-yellow", was born." There is a second picture- this time of an isabelline gentoo penguin in Australian Geographic 61 (Jan-Mar, 2001) p15.

Jeff Crocombe

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