To: "david robertson" <>
Subject: Terns
From: Allan Richardson <>
Date: Sun, 8 Dec 2013 16:51:04 +1100
Hi Dave,

That is one I've only recently resolved myself.

Here in Newcastle the apparently sedentary tern is the Crested Tern since we 
see them all year round. Just now juveniles are arriving in the roosting flock, 
from local breeding grounds I guess.

For the most part they roost on the highest rock-shelves behind the ocean 
baths, but they do also like to stand on the sand up a little further on the 
Nobby's beach spit.

What I find very interesting is that they also like to sit out on the water, 
sometimes in groups of 20 or 30, even under choppy conditions.

This is on the open ocean, not is closed estuarine waters.

It seems so unusual since they sit very low in the water and it doesn't look as 
if their body plan is suited to sitting on the water.

They seem to loaf there as other seabirds do and they are at times observed 
bathing out on deep water.

There are shallow pools available to them, but for some reason under certain 
circumstances they prefer to sit on open water about 200 metres off the rock 

On a related matter I have also seen shorebirds sitting on the water and 
duck-diving, although the only instance I've seen this occur was to evade 
predators. I've seen a Bar-tailed Godwit in quite deep water (over 4 metres) go 
to water to evade a pair of Peregrines and a Grey-tailed Tattler go to water in 
the surf to evade a Brahminy Kite.

Both birds duck-dived and remained submerged to avoid the attacks of these 
birds, which seems out beyond what might be considered their normal behavioural 
comfort zone.

Happy observations,

Allan Richardson
Morisset NSW

On 08/12/2013, at 3:14 PM, david robertson wrote:

> Terns have perfectly good webbed feet, as good as gulls to which they are
> closely related.  They spend much of their time over water but I have never
> seen a tern on water.  Has anyone else?
> David Robertson
> Adelaide

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