Black-tailed Godwit in breeding plumage in Alice Springs

To: Chris Watson <>
Subject: Black-tailed Godwit in breeding plumage in Alice Springs
From: Chris Sanderson <>
Date: Wed, 23 Mar 2011 09:19:53 +1000
Hi Chris,

Yes, birds often leave Australia nearly completely coloured up.  I have a
nice shot from Broome of a line of Red Knot in nearly 100% breeding plumage.
 More typical though is they reach about 60-80% before departing and
complete the rest either on migration or at the breeding grounds.  I believe
how quickly the males colour up is part of how a female decides on a mate -
it is a demonstration of their fitness.  After all, on top of replacing
non-essential feathers for breeding plumage they also moult all their flight
feathers, nearly double their weight with fat storage and flight muscle bulk
and complete a host of other physiological changes to be able to make the
arduous trip.  If you can do all that, and reach the breeding ground first,
you probably get first pick of females and your offspring will have the best
chance of completing the migration unassisted once you leave.

Another point - I had drilled into me time and time again in Broome by
visitors from the northern hemisphere that what we think of as "full"
breeding isn't.  They nearly always complete the moult after they leave.
 Your bird is a very good example, but in 100% breeding plumage the reds
would be richer and the blacks blacker.  A quick net search shows this: as a fairly good example.
 I'd say your bird is in 90-95% colour which is really great to see!  More
of the back feathers will change to the buff colouration with the black
spots and more of the face and breast will go deep red, but apart from that
most of the changes have already happened.  Probably more coloured up than
any Black-tail I've seen before in Aus.

Thanks for putting the photos out there.

Chris Sanderson

On Wed, Mar 23, 2011 at 2:13 AM, Chris Watson <>wrote:

> G'day folks,
>                 Had a nice flock of 6 Black-tailed Godwits at the sewage
> ponds in Alice on Tuesday including one bird in quite spectacular plumage.
> I've stuck some pictures up on the Birds Central blog if anyone would care
> for a gander.
> Is this common for migratory birds to be getting close to full breeding
> plumage before departure?
> Cheers,
>           Chris Watson
>           Alice Springs
> --
> *Central Australian birding resource*
> *Guiding, writing, and the latest site information*
> *from Alice Springs*
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