Some Southern Ocean News

To: Birding Aus <>
Subject: Some Southern Ocean News
From: L&L Knight <>
Date: Sat, 23 Dec 2006 10:57:54 +1000

Public release date: 22-Dec-2006
 4 Arnoux's Beaked Whales observed from Polarstern expedition

      The Arnoux' Beaked Whales is one of the least known species of
the Beaked Whales family (Ziphidae).
                       Click here for more information.

On the 17th of December, Meike Scheidat & Linn Lehnert, the whale
watchers on board of Polarstern, made a remarkable cetaceans sighting: Four Arnoux's Beaked Whales (Berardius arnuxii), observed from the

The Arnoux's Beaked Whales is one of the least known species of the
Beaked Whales family (Ziphidae), itself poorly known in general.
Arnoux's is one of the biggest species amongst beaked whales. The ones observed were probably 9 metre long. These deep-sea feeding whales are particularly sensitive to underwater acoustic disturbances. The pictures showed a whole array of scars on their skin, which are already under investigation. Some of these scars could have been inflicted by
orcas, their potential predators, or by squids, their most common
preys, as proposed by Elaina Jorgensen one of our cephalopod specialist onboard. Other scars could be caused by cookie-cutter sharks, which
would imply big migration between the subtropical waters where these
sharks are found and the ice-edge (64°06 S) where they were observed.

Supply of German Neumayer station

After crossing the Atlantic and the sea ice of the Atka Bay Polarstern supplied the German research station Neumayer on the Ekström Ice Shelf with food and fuel. Helicopters brought up hoses to refill eight 20,000-liter tanks with diesel fuel. The tanks were sitting on sledges ready for later transportation to the station by Caterpillars. The
cargo had to be loaded on a secure area on the sea ice as ice
conditions did not allow Polarstern to enter the "ice port" right next to the shelf edge.

The first samples

A Spanish team of scientists seized the opportunity of a small patch of open water to catch live animals for observation in aquaria. They will investigate sessile cnidarians living on the seafloor. The main objective is to find out whether these animals are exclusively feeding on fresh algae from the summer bloom or can they also utilize other
food sources under conditions of extended periods of sea ice cover.
These findings will be a substantial contribution to answer much
broader questions such as how did communities adapt to the particular
conditions beneath the Larsen Ice Shelves and how do they differ from
"normal" areas. A catch with the Agassiz trawl was bountiful and also
provided sponges, the most distinct group of animals living on the
seafloor in the shelf ecosystem. As the first working groups are
supplied with organisms scientific work is running.

Fish survey

On the way to the Antartic Peninsula where the major scientific work
will be running Polarstern carried out  more than 75 thirty-minute
trawls. Length measurements, weight and gender determination, stomach
content analyses and the removal of tiny ear bones for age structure
analyses are done on board. The sum of the scientific data will provide a comprehensive indication of the fish population dynamics since the
end of Antarctic commercial fishing in 1990. The bottom fish survey
conducted during ANT XXIII/8 is the seventh survey in a row in the
southern Scotia Arc region. The survey contributes to the 'Convention
on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources' (CCAMLR).
This organization is responsible for the conservation and rational use of all Antarctic marine resources with the exception of cetaceans.
Germany focuses its CCAMLR-related research on the state of fish and
krill stocks in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. This
research is conducted by the Seafisheries Institute of the Federal
Research Centre for Fisheries in Hamburg on behalf of the Federal
Ministry of Nutrition, Agriculture and Consumer's Protection in
cooperation with foreign institutions, such as the Southwest Fisheries Science Centre of the National Marine Fisheries Service in La Jolla,


Education, Outreach, Communication

Besides their scientifc work Dr Gauthier Chapelle fom the International Polar Foundation and the chief scientist Dr Julian Gutt are providing
several internet websites with pictures, films, reports and personal
impressions directly from board of Polarstern. If you like to join the expediton, have a look on the following internet pages:

Bremerhaven, 21 December 2006

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