For anyone interested, I have listed below a few references which address
risks and/or effects of fenthion application to non-target species (mostly
McKenzie R, Lanham A, et al. 1996. Fenthion poisoning of native birds
southern Queensland. Australian Veterinary Journal. 74(4):321-3.
Tiebout HM, Brugger KE. 1995. Ecological risk assessment of pesticides
for terrestrial vertebrates: Evaluation and application of the US
Environmental Protection Agency's quotient model. Conservation Biology.
Roux D, Jooste S, et al. 1995. An aquatic toxicological evaluation of
fenthion in the context of finch control in South Africa. Ecotoxicology &
Environmental Safety. 31(2):164-72.
Keith, JO, Ngondi JG, et al. 1994. Environmental effects on wetlands
Queletox registered applied to ploceid roosts in Kenya. Environmental
Toxicology & Chemistry. 40(1):63-9.
Vyas NB, Thiele LA, et al. 1998. Possible mechanisms for sensitivity
organophosphorus and carbamate insecticides in eastern screech-owls and
American kestrels. Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology. Part C
Pharmacology, Toxicology, Endocrinology. 120(1):151-7.
Most of these journals should be available from a good university library.
Let me know if you cannot locate one and I'll try to help from University
Dr Meloni M Muir
Department of Physiology F13 office phone: (+61 02) 9351 6514
Institute for Biomedical Science lab phone: (+61 02) 9351 6524
University of Sydney fax: (+61 02) 9351 2058
Sydney, NSW 2006 e-mail:
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