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Bioacoustics in Molecular Ecology

Subject: Bioacoustics in Molecular Ecology
From: Jernej Polajnar <>
Date: Mon, 28 Feb 2011 09:21:40 +0100
Dear all,

this has just been published online:

*Molecular diagnostics reveal spiders that exploit prey vibrational signals used in sexual communication*

Virant-Doberlet M., King, Andrew R., Polajnar J., Symondson W.O.C.

/Molecular Ecology/ (early view), DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2011.05038.x


Vibrational signalling is a widespread form of animal communication and, in the form of sexual communication, has been generally regarded as inherently short-range and a private communication channel, free from eavesdropping by generalist predators. A combination of fieldwork and laboratory experiments was used to test the hypothesis that predators can intercept and exploit such signals. First, we developed and characterized PCR primers specific for leafhoppers of the genus Aphrodes and specifically for the species Aphrodes makarovi. Spiders were collected from sites where leafhoppers were present and screened with these primers to establish which spider species were significant predators of this species during the mating period of these leafhoppers. Analysis using PCR of the gut contents of tangle-web spiders, Enoplognatha ovata (Theridiidae), showed that they consume leafhoppers in the field at a greater rate when signalling adults were present than when nymphs were dominant, suggesting that the spiders were using these vibrations signals to find their prey. Playback and microcosm experiments then showed that E. ovata can use the vibrational signals of male leafhoppers as a cue during foraging and, as a result, killed significantly more male than female A. makarovi. Our results show, for the first time, that arthropod predators can exploit prey vibrational communication to obtain information about prey availability and use this information to locate and capture prey. This may be a widespread mechanism for prey location, one that is likely to be a major unrecognized driver of evolution in both predators and prey.

Keywords: eavesdropping; generalist predators; gut content analysis; leafhoppers; predatorâprey interactions; vibrational communication

Jernej Polajnar
Oddelek za entomologijo / Department of entomology
Nacionalni inÅtitut za biologijo / National institute of biology
VeÄna pot 111
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Tel.: +386 (0)59 232 788
Fax:  +386 (0)1 2412 980

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